The Cau de les Guilles
(Late Palaeolithic/Magdalenian, 15000 BCE - End of the Bronze Age 900 BCE)
It is in this open shelter that the oldest presence of human life has been documented in Roses. Located in a place sheltered from the tramuntana (north wind), the Cau de les Guilles would have been chosen by small groups of hunter-gatherers as a place to take temporary refuge in the late glacial climate, where they could light fires and produce flake blades that they could later use as hunting projectiles.
The excavations that have been carried out conclude that this was especially busy during the end of the Palaeolithic era, by the Magdalenian culture (15000-9000 BCE). From these first humans mostly flint tools such as burins, backed-blades and scrappers have been recovered. Materials belonging to other prehistoric and protohistoric periods have also been recovered.
This natural shelter, consisting of two cavities, was used sporadically by the different cultures that have inhabited the area up to the end of the Bronze Age (900 BCE). In other nearby shelters archaeological material has also been found that indicates their use as burial sites in this latter period.